Implementation Tools
Standard 3: Facilities and Services
Access and Learning Environment

Education facilities promote the safety and well-being of learners, teachers and other education personnel and are linked to health, nutrition, psychosocial and protection services.


  Escuelas por el cambio: un aporte para la gestión escolar (Spanish only)
Aguerrondo, I., IIPE-UNESCO y Fundacio Compromiso - 2007
En primer lugar, se presenta un breve recorrido por algunas de las corrientes teóricas que abordan actualmente la gestión escolar con el objetivo de brindar un marco teórico para analizar las escuelas y facilitar su gestión.

  Minimum Standards on Child Protection in Humanitarian Action
Child Protection Working Group - 2013
In 2010 the members of the global Child Protection Working Group agreed on the need for child protection standards in humanitarian settings, to tackle what was seen as a critical gap. The Minimum Standards for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action have been developed to support child protection work in humanitarian settings. In such contexts, the standards are intended to: Establish common principles amongst those working in child protection and to strengthen coordination between them; improve the quality of child protection programming, and its impact for children; improve accountability within child protection work; provide a synthesis of good practice and learning to date; and enable better advocacy and communication on child protection risks, needs and responses.

 French  |  Spanish 
Minimum Standards on Child Protection in Humanitarian Action

Child Protection Working Group - 2013
In 2010 the members of the global Child Protection Working Group agreed on the need for child protection standards in humanitarian settings, to tackle what was seen as a critical gap. The Minimum Standards for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action have been developed to support child protection work in humanitarian settings. In such contexts, the standards are intended to: Establish common principles amongst those working in child protection and to strengthen coordination between them; improve the quality of child protection programming, and its impact for children; improve accountability within child protection work; provide a synthesis of good practice and learning to date; and enable better advocacy and communication on child protection risks, needs and responses.
Minimum Standards on Child Protection in Humanitarian Action

Child Protection Working Group - 2013
In 2010 the members of the global Child Protection Working Group agreed on the need for child protection standards in humanitarian settings, to tackle what was seen as a critical gap. The Minimum Standards for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action have been developed to support child protection work in humanitarian settings. In such contexts, the standards are intended to: Establish common principles amongst those working in child protection and to strengthen coordination between them; improve the quality of child protection programming, and its impact for children; improve accountability within child protection work; provide a synthesis of good practice and learning to date; and enable better advocacy and communication on child protection risks, needs and responses.

  Dos and Don'ts in School Worm Control
FRESH Tools for Effective School Health, UNESCO - 2004
This tool provides basic recommendations for the planning and implementation of school-based treatment of heminthiasis.

  Guidelines for the Provision of Safe Water and Sanitation Facilities in Schools
FRESH Tools for Effective School Health, UNESCO - 2004
This tool sets out some guidelines and optimal and minimal acceptable standards for the provision of safe water and sanitation facilities in schools.

  School based Deworming Interventions: An Overview
FRESH Tools for Effective School Health, UNESCO - 2004
This tool summarizes why and how schools might go about providing deworming interventions.

  Simple Technology for Filtering and Disinfecting Water at School
FRESH Tools for Effective School Health, UNESCO - 2004
This tool describes a simple method schools can use to disinfect water to make it safe for drinking and using in food preparation.

  Water and Sanitation: A Checklist for the Environment and Supplies in Schools
FRESH Tools for Effective School Health, UNESCO - 2004
This tool sets out strategies that will help ensure that schools and educational facilities have adequate water, sanitation and hygiene facilities to guarantee the health of their students and staff.

  Gender Strategies in Emergencies, Chronic Crises and Early Reconstruction Context: Gender Responsive School Sanitation, Health and Hygiene
INEE Gender Task Team - 2006
Using the INEE Minimum Standards as a framework, this tool provides a series of concrete and practical strategies and promising approaches for providing gender responsive school sanitation, health and hygiene. It also contains a case study of an IRC program in Ethiopia that provided an integrated approach to addressing sanitary protection needs.

  Gender Equity Strategies: Comfort Kits for Female Learners
Kirk, J., SoE/SBEP Gender Equity Support Program - 2004
This one-page strategy sheet articulates the ways in which insufficient or inadequate sanitary protection can prevent girls from accessing education and describes 'comfort kits' used in Sudan, containing: a bar of soap, four pairs of underwear and six reusable sanitary pads.

  Creating a safe and welcoming school
Mayer, J.E. (International Academy of Education, International Bureau of Education, UNESCO) - 2007
This booklet, part of the Educational Practices Series, touches on concepts that include creating a welcoming environment for students, ensuring the environment is safe, how to identify troubled children, conducting student and parent orientations, home and school cooperation, crises in the community and a school's response, crises management, school discipline, illegal substance abuse in schools and motivation-building for students.

  Objectives and Minimum Standards for UNHCR-Funded Schools
Save the Children - 2003
This chart lists quantitative minimum standards for infrastructure, equipment, materials and class size, which can be used as a framework for developing and adapting indicators to local contexts. Extracted from Save the Children's Education in Emergencies Toolkit.

  Sports Field Measurement
Save the Children - 2003
This tool provides measurements and a diagram for a football pitch and volleyball court. Extracted from Save the Children's Education in Emergencies Toolkit.

  Sphere Excreta Disposal Standard 2: Appropriate and adequate toilet facilities
The Sphere Project - 2011
The Sphere Humanitarian Charter and minimum standards are aimed at improving the quality of assistance provided to people affected by disasters and improving the accountability of states and humanitarian agencies. This standard articulates the need for people to have adequate, appropriate and acceptable toilet facilities, sufficiently close to their dwellings, to allow rapid, safe and secure access at all times, day and night.

  Sphere Guidelines for minimum water quantities and numbers of toilets at public places and institutions in disaster situations
The Sphere Project - 2011
The Sphere Humanitarian Charter and minimum standards are aimed at improving the quality of assistance provided to people affected by disasters and improving the accountability of states and humanitarian agencies. The first chart provides planning guidelines for minimum water quantities for institutions and other uses, including schools, and the second chart provides planning guidelines for minimum numbers of toilets at schools: 1 toilet to 30 girls and 1 toilet to 60 boys.

  Sphere Hygiene Promotion Standard 1: Hygiene promotion implementation
The Sphere Project - 2011
The Sphere Humanitarian Charter and minimum standards are aimed at improving the quality of assistance provided to people affected by disasters and improving the accountability of states and humanitarian agencies. This standard articulates the need for affected men, women and children of all ages to be aware of key public health risks and to be mobilised to adopt measures to prevent the deterioration in hygienic conditions and to use and maintain the
facilities provided.

  Sphere Hygiene Promotion Standard 2: Personal hygiene
The Sphere Project - 2011
The Sphere Humanitarian Charter and minimum standards are aimed at improving the quality of assistance provided to people affected by disasters and improving the accountability of states and humanitarian agencies. This standard articulates the need for each disaster-affected household to have access to sufficient soap and other items to ensure personal hygiene, health and well-being and provides a series of indicators and guidance notes on how to achieve this standard, including specific amounts of bathing and laundry soap, sanitary materials for menstruation and washable nappies or diapers for infants.

  Sphere Shelter and Settlement Standard 1: Strategic planning
The Sphere Project - 2011
The Sphere Humanitarian Charter and minimum standards are aimed at improving the quality of assistance provided to people affected by disasters and improving the accountability of states and humanitarian agencies. This standard articulates the need to prioritize safe shelter and settlement solutions through the return of disaster–affected households, and provides a series of indicators and guidance notes on how to achieve this standard, including an indicator on the availability of schools.

  Sphere Shelter and Settlement Standard 2: Settlement planning
The Sphere Project - 2011
The Sphere Humanitarian Charter and minimum standards are aimed at improving the quality of assistance provided to people affected by disasters and improving the accountability of states and humanitarian agencies. This standard articulates that the planning of return, host or temporary communal settlements should enable the safe and secure use of accommodation and essential services by the affected population.

  Sphere Shelter and Settlement Standard 3: Covered living space
The Sphere Project - 2011
The Sphere Humanitarian Charter and minimum standards are aimed at improving the quality of assistance provided to people affected by disasters and improving the accountability of states and humanitarian agencies. This standard articulates the need people to have sufficient covered living space providing thermal comfort, fresh air and protection from the climate, ensuring their privacy, safety and health and enabling essential household and livelihood activities to be undertaken.

  Sphere Shelter and Settlement Standard 4: Construction
The Sphere Project - 2011
The Sphere Humanitarian Charter and minimum standards are aimed at improving the quality of assistance provided to people affected by disasters and improving the accountability of states and humanitarian agencies. This standard asserts the need for local safe building practices, materials, expertise and capacities to be used where appropriate, maximising the involvement of the affected population and local livelihood opportunities.

  Sphere Water Supply Standard 1: Access and water quality
The Sphere Project - 2011
The Sphere Humanitarian Charter and minimum standards are aimed at improving the quality of assistance provided to people affected by disasters and improving the accountability of states and humanitarian agencies. This standard articulates the need for safe and equitable access to a sufficient quantity of water for drinking, cooking, and personal and domestic hygiene. It also articulates the need for public water points sufficiently close to households to enable
use of the minimum water requirement, and provides a series of indicators and guidance notes on how to achieve this standard.

  Educational Governance at Local Level: Policy Paper and Educational Guidelines
UNESCO - 2007
This document is the result of a UNESCO programme on Educational Governance at the Local Level. The author discusses a number of salient issues, including educational decentralization, community participation at the school and local level, democratic governance, and accountability. According to the author, decentralization, educational governance at local levels and the transfer of authority to lower tiers of government is not a right in itself, nor is it necessarily always the appropriate or the most needed strategy. With these ideas in mind, the document sets out a number of guidelines and policy suggestions for designing strategies around educational governance.

  Children with Disabilities
UNESCO IIEP - 2010
This chapter contains strategies to ensure that children and youth with disabilities have access to quality education and learning opportunities and to integrate them into the regular education system whenever possible. It contains a chart of advantages and disadvantages of special schools for the disabled and another of classroom adaptations and teaching strategies to deal with common disabilities. Extracted from UNESCO IIEP's Guidebook for Planning Education in Emergencies and Reconstruction.

  Learning Spaces and School Facilities
UNESCO IIEP - 2010
This chapter contains a series of strategies to ensure access to safe learning spaces and provide for children's daily basic needs during school hours as well as an excerpt of the Immediately, Sooner, Later Matrix of Response focused on site selection, shelter and furniture (p. 156). Extracted from UNESCO IIEP's Guidebook for Planning Education in Emergencies and Reconstruction.

  Raising Clean Hands: Call to Action for WASH in Schools Advocacy Pack 2010
UNICEF - 2010
This advocacy pack was developed by UNICEF to inform and support the user in planning and conducting their own advocacy for raising the profile of WASH in schools. Pages 11-13 contain practical fact sheets where school staff can fill in information pertinent to their local context, in comparison to WASH recommendations.

  Child Friendly Schools Manual Chapter 3: Location, design and construction
UNICEF - 2009
This chapter has been extracted from UNICEF's 2009 Child Friendly Schools Manual. The content within the chapter examines the planning and design of new spaces and environments for child-friendly schools and lays out guidance for improving existing structures.

 Arabic  |  French  |  Spanish 
Arabic: Child Friendly Schools Manual Chapter 3: Location, design and construction

UNICEF - 2009
Manuel 'Écoles amies des enfant' Chapitre 3 : Emplacement, conception et construction

UNICEF - 2009
Manual 'Escuelas amigas de la infancia' Capítulo 3: Ubicación, diseño y construcción

UNICEF - 2009

  Temporary Learning Spaces, including Specifications for School Tents
UNICEF - 2006
This section articulates key things to remember when selecting and planning a safe and secure site; the main principles of Child Friendly Spaces, including key educational activities in operationalising them; and key criteria to ensure that water and sanitation needs are met in temporary learning spaces. Pages 42-44 detail the specifications for school tents. From UNICEF's Education in Emergencies Resource Tool Kit.

  Learning From Experience: Good Practices from 45 Years of School Feeding
WFP - 2009
World Food Programme (WFP) has compiled a series of case studies detailing good practice throughout their 45+ years of leading school feeding programmes. The case studies within focus on implementation in Afghanistan, Brazil, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lao PDR, Malawi, Pakistan and Uganda. This guide lays out a number of practical tools and recommendations, among which is a list of standards and indicators for quality design and implementation of SFPs (p. 27).

  Local Action: Creating Health Promoting Schools
World Health Organization - 2004
This document is a practical "how-to" guide for work at the local level to establish school health programmes. It offers organizing ideas and activities to identify health issues in the school and community and take steps such as establishing a planning team, gathering information, and developing an action plan to improve health and learning. This document includes many case studies, tools, handouts and masters for transparencies, which can be adapted to the cultural context and the resource base of the school.

 French 
Action locale: Créer des écoles santé (OMS)

World Health Organization - 2004
Ce document est un guide pratique pour travailler au niveau local à l'établissement de programmes de santé scolaire. Il offre des idées d'organisation et des activités pour identifier les problèmes de santé dans l'école et dans la communauté et pour prendre des mesures comme l'établissement d'une équipe de planification, la collecte d'informations et la préparation d'un plan d'action pour améliorer la santé et l'apprentissage.