Implementation Tools
Standard 3: Instruction and Learning Processes
Teaching and Learning

Instruction and learning processes are learner-centred, participatory and inclusive.


  Checklist for Classroom Observation
Academy for Educational Development - 2010
This checklist can be adapted to serve as a reference to conduct classroom observations on active learning. The instrument requires that a supervisor observes student and teacher activities in the classroom, making quick note of what takes place during the lesson and filling in the spaces provided in the checklist.

  Teaching
Brophy, J., International Academy of Education, International Bureau of Education, UNESCO - 1999
This booklet, part of the Educational Practices Series, provides a synthesis of principles for effective teaching, addressing generic aspects of curriculum, instruction and assessment, as well as classroom organization and management practices that support effective instruction. It focuses on learning outcomes but with recognition of the need for a supportive classroom climate and positive student attitudes toward schooling, teaching and classmates.

 Spanish 
Enseñanza: Serie Prácticas Educativas

Brophy, J. (International Academy of Education, International Bureau of Education, UNESCO) - 1999
Este folleto, parte de la Serie Prácticas Educativas, ofrece una síntesis de principios para enseñanza efectiva, atendiendo aspectos genéricos del plan de estudios, instrucción y valoración, así como la organización del aula y las prácticas de gestión que apoyan instrucción efectiva. Se centra en los resultados del aprendizaje, pero con el reconocimiento de la necesidad de un clima de apoyo en la aula y actitudes positivas de los estudiantes hacia la escuela, la enseñanza y compañeros de clase.

  Active Methods for Teaching and Learning
FRESH Tools for Effective School Health, UNESCO - 2004
This tool presents nine active methods for teaching and learning about health (and other subjects), that teachers willing to try out new things can use to help their pupils think for themselves. These methods are not expensive and the tool gives guidance on their use within a classroom: discussion groups, stories, pictures and blackboard, experiments and demonstrations, surveys, visits and visitors, role playing and drama, poems and songs, and games.

  Children for Health: a Methodology for Learning by Doing
FRESH Tools for Effective School Health, UNESCO - 2004
This tool describes the Child-to-Child Trust's four step approach to planning and organizing children's action through learning by doing, thus promoting active learning. In this tool, the methodology is shown through an example of addressing the topic of diarrhoea, but the approach can be adapted to any subject.

  Activity on Managing Classrooms
Save the Children - 2007
Activity 5.3 (pp. 85-6) teaches teachers and adults supporting education initiatives how to manage classrooms in the most appropriate way, ensuring that children listen and respect the norms and limits in the classroom. Handout 6 (p. 178) is a Classroom Management Questionnaire. Taken from Save the Children's 'A Toolkit on Positive Discipline.'

  Active Learning Diagram
Save the Children - 2003
This tool presents a diagram for why active learning is important in improving the quality of teaching, challenging the traditional or didactic teaching method. It can be used in trainings or discussions with teachers and other education personnel, including to brainstorm knowledge or skills they have personally gained through active learning. From Save the Children's Education in Emergencies toolkit.

  Sample Teacher Workshop: Active Learning
Save the Children - 2003
This sample teacher workshop on active learning provides a template for a two-day workshop, as part of in-service training, for 25 classroom teachers to teach them that children learn better when they are participants in the process. This template can be adapted for shorter or longer trainings, and used for different audiences. From Save the Children's Education in Emergencies toolkit.

  Active Learning Strategies
UNESCO - 2006
This section provides a series of in-class exercises, group exercises and cooperative learning, and other learning strategies to ensure active, participatory learning in the classroom. Taken from UNESCO's 'Practical Tips for Teaching Large Classes: A Teacher's Guide.'

  Learner Participation Ideas
USAID - 2002
This tool presents seven suggested techniques that teachers can use to encourage students to participate in learning by using every-student-response techniques, which engage students and encourages them to pay attention. Taken from USAID's 'In My Classroom: A Guide to Reflective Practice.'