Reference Guide on External Education Financing

Delivering externally financed education services in situations of crisis, post-crisis or risk of crisis not only can help reduce conflict and assists in peacebuilding, it can ultimately enhance social cohesion and economic growth.

The INEE Reference Guide on External Education Financing was developed by the INEE Working Group on Fragility and Education in response to requests from education specialists for an easily accessible description of the different types of external assistance for education, particularly as recommended by participants at the 2008 INEE Policy Roundtable on Education Finance in States Affected by Fragility. 

The purpose of the Reference Guide is to enable national decision-makers in low-income countries, including those in fragile situations, to better understand the ways in which donors provide education assistance, how various funding mechanisms work and why donors choose one funding mechanism over another to support education.

In addition, it is hoped that this publication will help increase education policy-makers’ awareness of the types of external assistance used to fill gaps in domestic education funding at the field level.

For more information, please visit or contact the INEE Coordinator for Education and Fragility at [email protected].

Reference Guide on External Education Financing